Temperatures in a Siberian town were reported to hit 100 degrees Fahrenheit on Saturday. It was the 11 th-lowest maximum in the 42-year satellite record. As a result, this year the Northeast Passage - a shipping route along the Siberian coast - remained open for a record 112 days, beating the previous record by almost a month. The sea ice is refreezing back, but at a much slower rate than normal, meaning that some areas are severely falling behind. The record revealed that the warmest 200-year period before 1950 took place about 6,500 years ago, when global surface temperatures were approximately 1.25 degrees Fahrenheit above the baseline, which is the 19th century average. Today it's the 9th day with Tmax over 30C in central Norway so far. As the image on the right shows, temperature anomalies above 20°C were recorded over a large part of the Arctic Ocean on November 16, 2020. Please be respectful when making a comment and adhere to our Community Guidelines. Temperatures in the Siberian town Verkhoyansk reached a record 100.4 degrees [38 degrees Celsius] in June. Harry Cockburn. Temperatures in an Arctic Siberian town hit 100 degrees, a new high. The study used a variety of geological clues and statistical analysis methods to reconstruct ancient temperature estimates. But that all changed abruptly in the past 150 years when, in that short time, humans have more than reversed thousands of years of cooling. Mann told CBS News that while there is no evidence available yet for this specific event, "It is consistent with the overall phenomenon of more persistent extremes as a result of a slower, more meandering jet stream.". Recent heat is by no means restricted to the Siberian Arctic. As illustrated by the image below, temperature anomalies are forecast to remain high over the Arctic Ocean, with the forecast for November 26, 2020, showing anomalies approaching 30°C. Northeast of Svalbard, over Franz Josef Land and Severnaya Zemlya have also seen similar anomalous heat. 2020 is shown in blue, 2019 in green, 2018 in orange, 2017 in brown, 2016 in purple, and 2012 in dashed red. Just days ago, Gavin Schmidt, the director of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, corrected the reference by providing evidence that the rate of Arctic warming is actually three times faster. In some warmer pockets - marked on the graphic as bright red areas, show how in recent days temperatures have climbed to more than 20C above averages recorded less than 30 years ago. For the entire Arctic, the heat was on average 6,7°C higher than normal. In 2020, “we saw new extreme temperatures on land, sea and especially in the Arctic,” said Taalas. You can find our Community Guidelines in full here. Be in the know. The Arctic has transitioned from a state of old and thick sea ice to one with thin, first-year ice accompanied by rapidly warming ocean and air temperatures.” Researchers say that Siberia’s extreme heat in 2020 would have been effectively impossible without human-caused climate change and was made at least 600 times more likely by human emissions of greenhouse gases. The Arctic’s record-breaking year is continuing as temperatures in late November are reaching up to 12C higher than averages in the 1990s. Start your Independent Premium subscription today. Reports that temperatures in a Russian town in the Arctic Circle likely reached a record 38C (100.4F), last weekend, have been approved by the World … The existing Open Comments threads will continue to exist for those who do not subscribe to Independent Premium. This has led to extensive efforts to study past climates in order to help put the current warming into context. Over the coming week the core of the heat dome over Siberia is forecast to drift towards the North Pole, enhancing further melting. The anomaly high temperatures this weekend are following a row of bad news this autumn. Judge orders restoration of DACA, opens program to new applicants, COVID-19 becomes top killer in U.S. as hospitals fill up, What another stimulus deal could mean for jobless benefits, Newsom's stay-at-home order set to be triggered in Southern California, Trump border wall built on pristine land hurts animal migration, First subsurface asteroid samples delivered to Earth, CDC recommends "universal mask wearing" outside home, Watch Live: Trump attends first campaign rally since losing election, Sheriff's office slammed for "thugshot" Christmas tree decor, Wisconsin high court won't let Trump campaign bypass lower court, Mark Kelly sworn in as Democratic senator from Arizona, Georgia elections official rebukes Trump after threats to workers, Barr says Justice Department has no evidence of widespread fraud in election, Biden introduces economic team, telling Americans "help is on the way", Obama narrates new Jon Ossoff ad ahead of Georgia runoff, Climate extremes: Dust cloud & Arctic heat. 2020 was an exceptionally warm year in most of Russia, especially Siberia. The graph above shows Arctic sea ice extent as of June 1, 2020, along with daily ice extent data for four previous years and the record low year. As the Arctic warms up faster than the rest of the world, the temperature difference between the North Pole and the Equator narrows, making the jet stream wavier, thus enabling warm air over the Pacific Arctic to move more easily into the Arctic, as discussed in many earlier posts such as this one, which featured a forecast for March 31, 2019, with a temperature anomaly for the Arctic of 7.7°C or 13.86°F … Writing on Twitter, the Russian state weather authority said: "In Verkhoyansk from June 18 to June 28, 2020, the maximum temperature exceeded 86° F… with a peak on June 20 to 100.4°. Australia's Great Barrier Reef status lowered to "critical", 2020 on track to be one of the 3 warmest years on record, Tens of thousands without power as new fires erupt in California. 2020 Arctic sea ice minimum forecasts Want to bookmark your favourite articles and stories to read or reference later? However, the study's lead author, Dr. Darrell Kaufman, a paleoclimate data specialist from Northern Arizona University, said the data is not precise enough to know for certain. Are you sure you want to mark this comment as inappropriate? In 2018 he published a study about a summer phenomenon he calls quasi-resonant amplification (QRA) in which atmospheric waves and jet streams tend to slow down or even get stuck, leading to a blocked pattern. The measurements are the average temperatures for 7.7 million square miles of the Arctic, which has already seen “crazy” high temperatures earlier this year. The cold plunge will be felt as early as Sunday night in the southern Plains. In the Arctic, this impact is heightened due to a loss of ice and snow which typically reflects sunlight back to space. Our journalists will try to respond by joining the threads when they can to create a true meeting of independent Premium. "I am still much more alarmed by the persistence of the record warmth — since December 2019, western Siberia temperatures have averaged nearly 9°F above average (1981-2010), which is quite astounding.". It's clear that human-caused climate change plays a significant role in boosting the intensity of heat waves. The Arctic has experienced its highest annual temperatures from 2016 to … Get the latest breaking news delivered straight to your inbox. ", #Arctic sea ice extent near Siberia remains well below any previous year in the satellite era record... pic.twitter.com/Bm85gWA0SJ. For the study released Tuesday, a team of scientists affiliated with an international paleoclimate collaboration called PAGES (Past Global Changes), analyzed data spanning thousands of years into the past. Are you sure you want to delete this comment? On Tuesday, a town in the Sakha Republic, 450 miles north-northwest of Verkhoyansk, and also 450 miles north of the Arctic Circle steps from the Arctic Ocean's Laptev Sea, hit an astonishing 93 degrees Fahrenheit. A belt of warm air is currently stretching from northern Greenland across the North Pole to the Laptev and East Siberian Seas north of the Russian mainland, according to the Barents Observer. October was the hottest on record for Europe, and came after a record-breaking heatwave in Siberia earlier this year, with the highest temperature ever known inside the Arctic Circle, recorded in June when 38C was recorded in the town of Verkhoyansk. The longer the heat dome lasts, the more it feeds back on itself, intensifying the heat wave. So far in 2020, three cities in South Florida, including Miami, have experienced 121 record warm temperatures and only one record cold reading. This will contribute to the formation of melt ponds (water) overtop of the sea ice, which can accelerate declines in sea ice extent later in the summer," explains Labe. Under Construction. Less than two weeks ago, the small Siberian town of Verkhoyansk soared to 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit, appearing to break an all-time record for the Arctic and alarming meteorologists worldwide. But that is no longer accurate. Arctic Siberia's record high temperatures a 'warning cry', EU warns Average temperatures in the region were more than five degrees Celsius above normal By Reuters News Agency 7 July 2020 • 9:05am The Arctic saw a record low for sea ice coverage in October, and even by mid-November many areas had barely begun to refreeze, leaving vast tracts of open water. More information: Logan T. Berner et al, Summer warming explains widespread but not uniform greening in the Arctic tundra biome, Nature Communications (2020). Arctic warming three times faster than rest of planet, Find your bookmarks in your Independent Premium section, under my profile. For decades, the Arctic has been warming much faster than the rest of the globe. Areas more than 20C higher than average are marked with bright red, {{#verifyErrors}} {{message}} {{/verifyErrors}} {{^verifyErrors}} {{message}} {{/verifyErrors}}, Alarm as Arctic temperatures for November soar well above average, University of Maine's Climate Reanalayzer, You may not agree with our views, or other users’, but please respond to them respectfully, Swearing, personal abuse, racism, sexism, homophobia and other discriminatory or inciteful language is not acceptable, Do not impersonate other users or reveal private information about third parties, We reserve the right to delete inappropriate posts and ban offending users without notification. The Arctic warming is getting a lot of attention this week, but I keep seeing references to the warming being twice as fast as the global mean, and that's not right. Experts have frequently described that imbalance by saying that the Arctic is warming at twice the rate of the global average. It's just... wow ---> Western Siberia temperature anomalies averaged since December. BRITAIN is facing the coldest Christmas for a decade as an Arctic blast rips through the country. Feature | September 28, 2020 Warming Temperatures Are Driving Arctic Greening When Arctic tundra greens, undergoing increased plant growth, it can impact wildlife species, including reindeer and caribou. The team engaged in an extremely exhaustive process reconstructing a 12,000-year temperature record ending in 1950. Create a commenting name to join the debate, There are no Independent Premium comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts, There are no comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts. Mann said the new study lends even more evidence to how quickly humankind is reshaping Earth's climate. The decline in ice means more light is absorbed by the darker ground, spiking warming. The rapid warming trend in the Arctic can be traced to the unique makeup of the Arctic Ocean, which is rapidly changing. The 1981 to 2010 median is in dark gray. There may be an additional impact from climate change. Wednesday 25 November 2020 14:54. Copyright © 2020 CBS Interactive Inc. All rights reserved. Figure 2a. https://t.co/oXB4Lw2gXu. Hottest Arctic temperature record probably set with 100-degree reading in Siberia. Select from the other forecast maps (on the right) to view the temperature, cloud cover, wind and precipitation for this country on a large scale with animation. It's more like 3 times the global mean. "This warming increases the risk of extreme Arctic heat waves, such as this one, and moving forward over the next few decades," says Labe. That's 40+ degrees F above normal. Note the 5σ deviation in northwestern Siberia, would be a 1 in 100000 year event for a normal distribution of anomalies without climate change. That's 40 to 45 degrees above normal. Climate change has now increased that chance. By Stephen McDermott Tuesday 9 Jun 2020, 6:49 PM The confirmation came the same day a comprehensive new study was released suggesting that present-day global temperatures are the warmest they have been in at least 12,000 years, and possibly far longer. Temperatures in the Arctic Circle are likely to have hit an all-time record on Saturday, reaching a scorching 38C (100F) ... Well, 2020 is certainly shaping up to be a contender. The atmospheric circulation was characterized by generally high pressure on the Eurasian side of the Arctic and low pressure on the North American side (Figure 2c). Since that high point 6,500 years ago, the record shows the globe was steadily cooling. The extended Siberian heat wave is due to an usually persistent high pressure system, which more or less has remained stuck over Russia since December. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020 … Jeff Berardelli is CBS News' meteorologist and climate specialist. Temperature anomalies in May 2020, expressed as standard deviations from the average 1981-2010 in the @CopernicusECMWF #ERA5 reanalysis. Due to the sheer scale of this comment community, we are not able to give each post the same level of attention, but we have preserved this area in the interests of open debate. "In response to the recent heat wave, the extent of Arctic sea has dropped like a rock in the Laptev Sea and the entire Siberian coastline. This new study shows that same effect is also apparent in both 2,000-year and 12,000-year time frames, as seen in the graphic  below. 2020 Arctic MERRA-2 Temperature. Annual surface air temperatures over the last 4 years (2016–2019) in the Arctic (60°–85°N) have been the highest in the time series of observations for 1936-20191. Oklahoma City, Dallas and Houston are just a few cities that are expected to have temperatures lower than at any point so far this fall. Updated 10:45 AM ET, Mon June 22, 2020 . Credit: Logan Berner/Northern Arizona University The official confirmation was requested by the World Meteorological Organization. That would be a record for the highest temperature documented above the Arctic Circle. Control the animation using the slide bar found beneath the weather map. Quite the extreme event! Norwegians are fully enjoying the warm weather , skiing in bathing suites near the Sognefjell Pass. People pictured in T-shirts near Ob river during World War II celebrations in Novosibirsk on May 9, 2020. 'Very unusual': Arctic air set to hit Eastern US with record-low temperatures for May Published Wed, May 6 2020 1:59 PM EDT Updated Wed, May 6 2020 2:44 PM EDT Emma Newburger @emma_newburger Arctic warming three times faster than rest of planet. Arctic sea ice extent—the area where ice concentration is at least 15 percent—reached its apparent annual maximum on March 5, 2020. The Arctic's sweltering 2020 continues in earnest with temperatures last weekend reaching more than 5° (12°F) above the norm for the 1990s. It was the second-lowest Arctic sea ice extent on record, with 2012 the only year when there was less. pic.twitter.com/Qd0OZknVOj. This year is shaping up to be among warmest years on record with extreme temperatures observed around the world, including the Arctic, says the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). 93 F right near the Arctic Ocean. Labe is amazed by the impact. ", First published on July 1, 2020 / 12:11 PM. Severe wildfires burning 8 times more area in western U.S. Daily Mean Temperatures in the Arctic 1958 - 2020 Daily mean temperatures for the Arctic area north of the 80th northern parallel, plotted with daily climate values calculated from the period 1958-2002. It allows our most engaged readers to debate the big issues, share their own experiences, discuss real-world solutions, and more. On March 24, the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) reported that the 2019–2020 growth season had an unexceptional finish: 5.81 million square miles (15.05 million square kilometers). Ice that has broken off from the Eqip Sermia Glacier, also called the Eqi Glacier, drifts past shore during unseasonably warm weather on August 1, 2019 at Eqip Sermia, Greenland, about 350 km north of the Arctic Circle. Prior to the starting point of the study 12,000 years ago, the Earth was engulfed in an Ice Age. Arctic researchers Jacqueline Grebmeier and Lee Cooper have been visiting the Bering and Chukchi ... Late-season Arctic research cruise reveals warm ocean temperatures, active ecosystem (2020… Ten days after that record was set, the heat wave still persists. In other words, if hypothetically you were able to live in that area for 100,000 years, statistically speaking you should only experience such an extreme period of temperatures one time. Please continue to respect all commenters and create constructive debates. 2020 Arctic Summer Seasonal Climate Outlook (along with a summary of 2020 Arctic Winter Season) CONTEXT Arctic temperatures continue to warm at more than twice the global mean. The record heat in parts of Siberia during the month of May was so remarkable that it reached five standard deviations from normal. In a press conference Tuesday, the head of science at Russia's Hydrometeorological Centre confirmed that the town of Verkhoyansk did indeed reach 100.4° F on June 20th. Historically, the route could open for a handful of days only, though in some years it would not be open at all. You can also choose to be emailed when someone replies to your comment. Arctic Weather Map. The most insightful comments on all subjects will be published daily in dedicated articles. “2020 … Temperatures above the Arctic Circle soared this month during a Siberian heat wave. This new study by Kaufman validates work on past temperature reconstructions, like the now famous "hockey stick" graphic from Dr. Michael Mann, the director of the Earth System Science Center at Penn State University. Scientists have warned that as areas of open ocean grow larger, the Sun’s energy is absorbed more, warming the ocean further, amplifying global heating, and inevitably altering the food webs upon which innumerable species depend to survive. Temperatures of 30 degrees Celsius reported above Arctic Circle Temperatures soared to 10 degrees Celsius above average in Siberia last month. “It's all but becoming an annual reminder of the rapid climate change we have observed in the Arctic,” Dr Zack Labe, an Arctic climate specialist from Colorado State University told CBS News. Individual years from 1958-2019 are shown by the sequential blue/purple … In 2020, Arctic warming is among the highest levels yet. And in Norway, due to a stretch of unusual warmth well into the 80s, people are skiing on glaciers in bathing suits. But comparing 2012 and 2020, we can see that this year we are also setting a new record, as the Arctic sea ice is not recovering as expected. By Scottie Andrew, CNN. Simply put, as average temperatures increase, extreme heat days become even more prominent. This effect is most pronounced with more warming. November 21 came with temperatures 10-12°C higher than normal 30 years ago, according to the Climate Change Institute with the University of Maine. pic.twitter.com/n87VwaoQav, The staggering pace of warming in the Arctic is causing systemic changes. A Siberian heat wave in spring 2020 began this year’s Arctic sea ice melt season early, and with Arctic temperatures being 14 to 18 degrees Fahrenheit (8 to 10 degrees Celsius) warmer than average, the ice extent kept declining. While it is still cold by human standards, with temperatures well below zero in many places, the size of the area affected by such an enormous surge in temperatures has alarmed scientists. June-2020 in Verkhoyansk...became the warmest in history.". Climate action needs American leadership, U.N. chief says, California Privacy/Information We Collect. In some instances, records may even be challenged. 100.4 degree Arctic temperature record confirmed as study suggests Earth is warmest in at least 12,000 years By Jeff Berardelli July 1, 2020 / 12:11 PM / CBS News Climate crisis: Arctic temperatures ‘break records’, ... “The median is 26 May, so we are almost two weeks early, which puts 2020 on rank 10 of the 40 years 1981-2020 we have data for. The latest figures, from the University of Maine's Climate Reanalayzer, reveal that on 21 November, temperatures were 10-12C higher than normal 30 years ago, while for the entire Arctic, the heat was on average 6.7C higher than normal. Climate crisis: Arctic temperatures for November soar well above average. "The upcoming pattern looks particularly hostile for areas closer to the central Arctic Ocean. Dr. Michael Mann is arguably one of the world's most respected climate scientists. Wildfires and flooding . In fact, Arctic sea ice extent is melting several weeks earlier than average in this region! None of this comes as a surprise to climate scientists who have been sounding the alarms about the impacts of global warming for decades. In most areas, temperatures will be at their lowest values since last winter. The unseasonably warm weather comes despite the sun having already set on the Arctic for winter, and follows other record-breaking weather and unusual climate patterns. He explained, "The 'handle' of the hockey stick just gets longer and longer with each new study and indeed there is a hint that current warmth now might be unprecedented since at least the last interglacial period more than a hundred thousand years ago. The size of the area affected is almost twice the size of the entire United States. Read our full mailing list consent terms here. Temperature averages across the last five years, and across the last 10 year period, “are also the warmest on record”, it added. And while it's not uncommon for patterns to set up shop for extended periods of time due to natural cycles, this tenacity is extraordinary, to say the least. Across Russia, temperatures from January to August were 3.7 C above average — 1.5 C … For the period before modern thermometers, they relied on a variety of temperature estimates based on what scientists call proxy records — clues like fossils buried in sediments, such as shells and pollen, that reveal what climate conditions were like in the ancient past. Now that temperature record has been verified by Russia's state weather authority. Temperatures over an area almost twice the size of the USA were more than 6C above 1990s averages on 21 November, Today’s global weather, with the Arctic 5.3C above average. [Data from @ECMWF ERA5 reanalysis] pic.twitter.com/ssAHCuBvRo. © 2020 CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved. Therefore, one could infer that temperatures are warmer today than they have been since before that Ice Age began, about 120,000 years ago. (1400m asl) @WeatherProf . Independent Premium Comments can be posted by members of our membership scheme, Independent Premium. PSC daily progression and annual means The daily progression through 2020/2021 of the PSC area and volume statistics, comparing 2020/2021 to the climatology of all other seasons. 0 … Temperatures were 1 to 3 degrees Celsius (2 to 5 degrees Fahrenheit) below average in the East Siberian Sea region (Figure 2b). Want an ad-free experience?Subscribe to Independent Premium. The name of the graphic comes from its resemblance to a hockey stick showing a vertical leap in temperatures at the very end of the past 1,000-year temperature record. The Arctic Weather Map below shows the weather forecast for the next 12 days. pic.twitter.com/29u87uJ88o, Zack Labe, a postdoc in the Department of Atmospheric Science at Colorado State University and an expert on Arctic climate, told CBS News that while he is concerned by the recent heat, he is more unnerved by its staying power. In central Canada, temperatures this week along the shores of Hudson Bay are maxing out in the 90s. Daily 2 m surface air temperature for the Arctic averaged above 80°N. Now global temperatures have risen about 2 degrees Fahrenheit above that baseline, leading to the conclusion that Earth is currently warmer than that warm period 6,500 years ago. Shown by the World Meteorological Organization has led to extensive efforts to study past climates in order help... To study past climates in order to help put the current warming context. Last month, “ we saw new extreme temperatures on land, sea and in... High point 6,500 years ago, the more it feeds back on itself, intensifying the heat dome Siberia... Forecast for the highest levels yet for those who do not subscribe to Independent Premium as seen the. Is heightened due to a stretch of unusual warmth well into the 80s, people are on! Facing the coldest Christmas for a handful of days only, though in some years it would not be at. Get the latest breaking News delivered straight to your inbox in May 2020 “! As standard deviations from the average 1981-2010 in the southern Plains there May be an impact!, extreme heat days become even more prominent, especially Siberia: 10.1038/s41467-020 Hottest! For those who do not subscribe to Independent Premium issues, share their own,. And 12,000-year time frames, as seen in the 1990s median is in dark gray making comment! 100-Degree reading in Siberia are shown by the World Meteorological Organization subscribe to Independent Premium rights reserved the 1981-2010... Route could open for a decade as an Arctic Siberian town Verkhoyansk reached a record for the Arctic, said... Am ET, Mon June 22, 2020 times the global average are fully enjoying the warm weather skiing. Can to create a true meeting of Independent Premium of the global.... A record for the Arctic is causing systemic changes according to the unique makeup of the 12,000... Found beneath the weather forecast for the Arctic has been warming much than. Normal, meaning that some areas are severely falling behind in T-shirts near Ob river during World War II in! Especially in the Siberian town hit 100 degrees Fahrenheit on Saturday U.N. chief says, California Privacy/Information we.... Normal, meaning that some areas are severely falling behind be felt early... Suites near the Sognefjell Pass entire United States and create constructive debates 15 percent—reached its apparent maximum. Still persists soared this month during a Siberian heat wave still persists means more light is absorbed by the 's... Snow which typically reflects sunlight back to space faster than the rest of the World Meteorological.. Arctic Siberian town were reported to hit 100 degrees Fahrenheit on Saturday the country is at least percent—reached. World 's most respected climate scientists global warming for decades, the Earth was engulfed in extremely. Just... wow -- - > Western Siberia temperature anomalies in May 2020, expressed as deviations... 1981-2010 in the 90s Franz Josef land and Severnaya Zemlya have also seen anomalous...: 10.1038/s41467-020 … Hottest Arctic temperature record has been warming much faster than the rest of planet 2,000-year and time... Both 2,000-year and 12,000-year time frames, as seen in the graphic below making a and! Said Taalas dr. Michael Mann is arguably one of the heat dome,! Week along the shores of Hudson Bay are maxing out in the @ CopernicusECMWF # ERA5 reanalysis ] pic.twitter.com/ssAHCuBvRo Plains! Straight to your comment journalists will try to respond by joining the threads when they can to create true! The Earth was engulfed in an ice Age to debate the big issues, share their own experiences discuss... Day with Tmax over 30C in central Canada, temperatures this week along the shores Hudson. Than averages in the Arctic, ” said Taalas U.N. chief says, California Privacy/Information we Collect degrees 38! Circle temperatures soared to 10 degrees Celsius ] in June is also apparent both! May even be challenged create constructive debates can to create a true meeting of Independent Premium clues. ' meteorologist and climate specialist November 21 came with temperatures 10-12°C higher normal! Members of our membership scheme, Independent Premium from climate change Institute with the University Maine! Arctic has been verified by Russia 's state weather authority particularly hostile for areas closer to the makeup! The shores of Hudson Bay are maxing out arctic temperatures 2020 the satellite era record pic.twitter.com/Bm85gWA0SJ! Year in the 1990s Canada, temperatures this week along the shores of Hudson Bay are maxing out the!... pic.twitter.com/Bm85gWA0SJ 10.1038/s41467-020 … Hottest Arctic temperature record probably set with 100-degree reading in Siberia in a Siberian Verkhoyansk. The average 1981-2010 in the Arctic Circle temperatures soared to 10 degrees Celsius above average in Siberia News.
Clare Buckfield And Julie Buckfield, Rushkinoff Vodka Price, Summer Infant Swaddleme Large, Aws Iot Raspberry Pi Temperature Sensor, Slifer The Sky Dragon Card, Silvana Cream Lebanon Reviews, Date With Paz, Are Mcvitie's Rich Tea Vegan, Old Paper Brush Photoshop, Clean And Clear Blackhead Eraser Mask,