This "return" symbolism is rooted in two ideas. Your email address will not be published. Black traditional flower tattoo on the leg. White or transparent. Western European sailors took up the practice of religious designs readily: Sailors, at the constant mercy of the elements, often feel the need for religious images on their bodies to appease the angry powers that caused storms and drowning far from home. Swallow tattoo is considered a traditional old-school design that symbolizes enduring love that first appeared on sailors during the World Wars. enjoy! [12], Tattoos developed in the underclass of mariner culture; in time, they grew in popularity in the port districts frequented by those sailors. Jan 7, 2017 - In this tutorial you will create a swallow in three different positions. [4] After that the connection between sailors and tattoos steadily increased. His style, sometimes known as Sailor Jerry tattoos, had a massive influence on the nautical designs and old school style that we know today. Live Laugh Love. However, if they later decided to join the navy they had to have a tattoo artist "dress" the woman. In some circles, they represented the experience of the sailor with one swallow signifying the completion of 5,000 nautical miles, while two swallows indicating the sailor had completed 10,000 miles. The original swallow tattoos were barn swallows in flight. Swallow and rose, old-school tattoo Poster Easy Installation 365 Days to Return Browse other patterns from this collection! A swallow tattoo is considered to be an old-school tattoo but still continues to be a trend today for men and women. Examples of popular symbols in the sailor tattooing are: Sailor tattoos are also a visual way to preserve the culture of the sailors' superstitions. The purpose of sailor tattoos was also to record important events or experiences such travels, achievements, naval hierarchy, rank, status, membership, and/or any other significant event in life.[8][9]. For example, the images of a pig and a hen were considered wards against drowning; both animals are not capable of swimming but during shipwrecks, the only survivors would be the animals caged in wooden crates, hence they would float. Old school traditional tattoo flash outlines icons pack with swallow rose Isolated tattoo heart with ribbon, swallow, flowers and word Mother. Here's a gallery with examples: Here's a gallery with examples: Pin Up Tattoos The first was the swallow's famous migration pattern, always returning home to San Juan Capistrano. 20. "Old school" tattoos were common among sailors, depicting images like swallows on either side of the chest, girls in sailor hats, and pairs of dice. $2.00 shipping. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. Copyright © 2018 Tattoo Art from the Heart All rights reserved | Hosting and development by MSP. His skill and prolific work helped make tattoos an art form in America rather than merely a permanent souvenir for drunken sailors. Download this Old School Traditional Grayscale Tattoo Set Old School Traditional Tattoo Flash Grayscale Black White Icons Pack With Swallow Rose Heart Hands Flowers Anchor Skull Bottle With Potion Symbols Isolated Vector Illustration vector illustration now. Because swallows are known to always return home to San Juan Capistrano each year without fail, it was believed that sailors with a swallow tattoo would always return to their homes and families as well. Rope around the wrist/"Hold Fast" across the knuckles: Represents a sailor who is or was a deckhand. Chicken and Pig: Usually tattooed on each foot (pig on the left, chicken on the right) to protect the sailor from drowning in a shipwreck. 4 swallow temporary tattoo / old school temporary tattoo / old school swallow tattoo / outline tattoo / swallow set temporary tattoo encredelicate. Jun 19, 2020 - Explore miquixtli's board "swallow birds" on Pinterest. Black Outline Swallow, Claddagh and Roses Tattoo Design. SWALLOW TATTOOS. Red and green nautical stars on the chest: Shows that the wearer has won a bar fight in a foreign port. This classic American tattoo style is very popular and is also referred to as traditional tattoo design and old school tattoo design. As such, they give off a positive air and are likely to be viewed by others as uplifting and beautiful. Decorate your laptops, water bottles, helmets, and cars. Sailor Tattoo And Variations Of Nautical Symbols, Perseus Tattoo Design: The Story Behind The Greek God, The Irish Claddagh Symbol: Love, Loyalty, and Friendship. A gorgeous swallow tattoo made up of paint splatters. Sailor Jerry's work typified this style of tattooing during the early-mid twentieth century. Aug 17, 2019 - In this tutorial you will create a swallow in three different positions. Bamboo Plant Tattoo Symbolizing Youth and Strength, And Protection, Alcohol As A Meaningful Symbol In The Tattoo Culture. Sailors earn a new swallow tattoo for every 5,000 nautical miles traveled, which is about 5,754 regular miles, roughly the distance between New York City and Tel Aviv. By the 19th century, about 90% of all United States Navy sailors had tattoos. Bottle with ribbon, guitar and audio speaker, heart and swallow … $14.98 $ 14. Black Ink Swallow With Roses Tattoo On Inner Bicep. Tattoos with sailors can be traced back as far as the 1700s when Captain James Cook came across the Maori of the South Pacific, and his crew decided to get tattoos as "souvenirs" of their visit. Try these curated collections. Dandelions and Swallow Bird Tattoos On The Lower Back Bull Tattoo: A Symbol Of Strength, Fertility, Confidence, Stability, And Pride. Sailor tattoos refer to a type of tattoo traditionally favored by sailors and the traditions that accompany these tattoos. This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 11:59. Among the most common swallow symbolism are: The symbolic meaning of a swallow tattoo depends on the design of the tattoo. Live Laugh Love. Old School Rose With Watch & Swallows Tattoo Design. Swallow tattoo is considered a traditional old-school design that symbolizes enduring love that first appeared on sailors during the World Wars. This color scheme is very popular in swallow tattoos. The tattoo of a swallow has a whole range of meanings. From shop StudioArtOnSkin. Sailor tattoos refer to a type of tattoo traditionally favored by sailors and the traditions that accompany these tattoos. Both the swallow and the sparrow can represent freedom, undying love, or commitment to one person or loyalty. traditional tattoo dice minimal flower tattoo semaless line tattoo swallow old school vintage bird tattoos arrow crown swallow graphic old school bird old school icon. They are not the same bird and have vastly different meaning between them. Attractive Roses And Swallows Tattoo On Full Male Chest. Neck Tattoos. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. Shellback: Represents crossing the equator. Because swallows are known to always return home to San Juan Capistrano each year without fail, it was believed that sailors with a swallow tattoo would always return to their homes and families as well. Old school Tattoo Swallow Roses , Vector, SVG, Clipart ,Digital Download ,Circuit Cut ,Cutting StudioArtOnSkin. Additionally, Sailors with visible tattoos will be eligible for recruiting duty or duty training recruits at boot camp. High quality Swallow Tattoo gifts and merchandise. For those men who desire to announce their fighting prowess, the tattoo is best placed on the back of the hand or fist. A ship, as you may expect, represents all aspects of a sailor’s life. The Famous Aztec Calendar Stone: What Is Its Exact Purpose and Meaning? A swallow tattoo on the hand can symbolize travel, loyalty or patriotism. old school tattoo background with swallows, vector illustration Colorful old school vintage doodle tattoo templates sketches set. This returning trend is also seen in the increasing popularity of traditional Sailor Jerry designs, nautical tattoos and even clothing printed with stylized sailor tattoo images. More similar stock illustrations. Sponsored Links Shark: As a protection against being eaten if the sailor fell overboard. Help us improve your search experience. Diving Swallow Tattoo Logo « The swallow has always had a symbolic meaning for sailors because these birds were usually the first sign that land was near (before modern navigation technology). Another example is the North Star (Nautical Star or compass rose); sailors had the belief that by wearing this symbol it would help them find their way home. Colored canvass on my back. Swallow Big Color Tattoo. First of all, let’s understand the difference between swallows and sparrows. The best body position for a swallow tattoo depends on the size of the tattoo and whether you desire to show off your tattoo to the world. Love and affection for family and friends. Only 6 left in stock - order soon. Search for "swallow tattoo" in these categories. Collins despised tattoo artists who he felt sought the spotlight, like Lyle Tuttle of San Francisco, because they drew broader government attention to the tattooing business. These three silhouettes make for a great neck tattoo. Consequently, the tattoos became associated with the criminals, prostitutes, and gangs who dwelt in these same districts. Great Drawings. Black and white tattoo. During the Second World War in Honolulu, Hawaii, the red-light district was ablaze with sailors and soldiers about to ship off, and in the center of this was Collins. Biceps Tattoo. Little Swallows remind us to live, laugh and love. Winged Shellback: Worn by aviators who have crossed the equator whilst flying. Like I mentioned before, old school swallow tattoos are a favorite among people who have sailor or nautical associations. The origins of the swallow tattoo go back to a ship named The Swallow. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free vector art that features Animal Markings … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Wonderful Red Roses & Swallow Tattoo On Girl’s Chest. [1], It is believed that tattooing on European sailors originated with Captain James Cook's crew after he arrived in the Pacific. Black and white illustration for Mother Day. 4.5 out of 5 stars (193) 193 reviews $ 2.70. People will stare at you for the swallows. of 63. For better or worse, gone are the days where one had to earn their nautical tattoos at sea. Over time, tattoos became one of the more popular traditions among mariners. GETTOGET Old School Tattoo Swallows Twig Heart Valentine's Day Wedding Shower Curtain Bathroom Sets Hooks,Waterproof Polyester Curtain. Tattoos are an ancient art form, but they took longer to … And, for instance, if a sailor had a friend who passed away, he may get a tattoo of a swallow with a dagger through its breast. Biceps Tattoo. The swallow is a sailor symbol and turns up in many old school designs, just like the eagle (Click here for more swallow tattoos). Old School Swallow Tattoo. Get up to 50% off. The circumference of … Swallow tattoos are considered to be a very old-school and traditional design, since they have been around for so many years and remain a pretty unisex choice! Since their introduction, tattoos became a graphic language and a way for sailors to express themselves through body art, as well as a means of visually identifying with a broader social group. Swallow tattoos are often combined with stars, cherries, flowers, arrows or a banner with text. Unique Swallow Tattoo Stickers designed and sold by artists. Golden Shellback: Represents having crossed the equator and international date line at the same time. After all, a sailor’s … The tattoos having the swallow in the center of the design usually include many other elements – both from nature and the imagination – making them unique from […] Still, the sparrow tattoo traditionally represented the mafia and is generally worn on the arm. Swallow tattoos representing fighting prowess may be considered less positively and may hinder work and business opportunities in some social settings. Dragon: Refers to a sailor that has served in, Fully rigged Ship: Represents traversal of, Golden Dragon: Means a sailor has crossed the. Flower tattoos in traditional style. Matching small swallow tattoos on both arms. Tattoo heart with flowers and bird. Popular body parts to wear a swallow tattoo are the hip, chest, … Vector set of rock tattoos. The tattoos having the swallow in the center of the design usually include many other elements – both from nature and the imagination – making them unique from one another. Swallow: Initially obtained when first setting to sea, now traditionally received for each increment of 5,000 miles sailed. With the declaration many young men took advantage of an easy way out of serving, thus creating a boom in tattoos of nude women. [5], Norman Collins, better known as Sailor Jerry, was a prolific tattoo artist for sailors. Ship tattoos. Oldscholl tattooings swallow, feather, rose and spikes isolated emblems symbols on white background [6], Sailing cultures tend to be rich in traditions. Back in the day, a sailor had to cross 5000 miles of ocean to earn a swallow tattoo. In addition to indicating that a sailor had sailed 5000 miles, swallow tattoos are also associated with the idea of return. After falling out of style for several decades, these stylized tattoos are regaining popularity again among young people, both sailors and non-sailors. Anchor: Refers to a sailor who has achieved the rank of Boatswain or Chief, though historically indicated sailing across the Atlantic. Many other cultures had long used tattoos for identification or aesthetics, such as the Japanese, Chinese, and Pacific Islanders, but the connection with a seafaring lifestyle in European culture developed into its own unique style of tattooing.[2]. It’s the same style. Download this Swallow And Rose Oldschool Tattoo vector illustration now. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free vector art that features American Culture graphics available for quick and easy download. These designs look like they are drawings. A great swallow tattoo that fits behind the ear. It was believed that if a sailor dies at sea, a swallow will carry his spirit to heaven. A Small Tattoo. Throughout history sailors were a very superstitious group and believed that certain symbols and talismans would help them in when facing certain events in life. They are not the same thing. This is from chicken and pigs said to survive wrecks because their wooden shipping containers kept them afloat. Swallow Tattoo Designs. Favorite Add to Old school tattoo style swallow earrings, hand drawn in shrink plastic LittlePinkHippo. 3.0 out of 5 stars 2. 98. 22. [source] The Difference between Swallow Tattoos and Sparrow Tattoos Furthermore, swallows represent an enduring symbol of love and loyalty, as swallows are monogamous creatures and only choose one partner and will mate with them for life. Swallow tattoos are a perfect choice for both men and women and can symbolize triumph, love, and devotion, or rebirth. Sailor tattoos eventually became one of the attributes that identified a sailor. Your email address will not be published. 5 out of 5 stars (898) 898 reviews $ 4.91. They thought that those symbols would attract good luck or bad luck in the worst of the cases. [13] In 2016 the US Navy issued new, more liberal policies on sailor tattoos, allowing Sailors to have tattoos below the knee and on the forearms and hands, as well as allowing tattoos up to one inch by one inch on the neck including behind the ear. 21. From shop encredelicate. Well, now thankfully e are past the days when you had to earn your nautical tattoo in the sea. Harpoon: Refers to a member of the fishing fleet. Sometimes, a modern style tattoo can a motif of a traditional tattoo, for example, an anchor or a heart. Traditional tattoos have other names like old school tattoos and classic tattoos. A swallow tattoo for a sailor reflected his hope of coming home safely. The swallow has a forked tail with long curved wings and is usually portrayed in shades of blue or green, while the sparrow is a plump, brown bird with a short rather stout tail. Small swallow tattoos can be placed on the wrist, hand, foot, or shoulder while larger tattoos are better suited for the chest or back. Tyga_Thai Brand Set 2 pcs. Sailor tattoos differentiated from these terrestrial tattoos as sailors continued to design new mariner motifs of their own, creating a distinct tattooing culture among sailors. Swallow, Red Roses and Anchor Tattoo On Thigh. Next. Over the centuries, the little bird has been linked to health, wealth, loyalty, and the rigors of long-distance travel. Sailor Jerry's work typified this style of tattooing during the early-mid twentieth century. Swallow tattoos are considered to be a very old-school and traditional design, since they have been around for so many years and remain a pretty unisex choice! Swallow Tattoo As One Of The Greatest Old-School Designs. [6], The popularity of his tattoos resulted in publicity that nearly ruined Collins. 17. Swallow carries over heart on ribbon. Swallow Big Color Tattoo. Old School Tattoo with Swallows and Rose Flower. The Swallow tattoo is cool and trendy nowadays, just as other bird tattoos and old school designs such as the nautical star tattoo. Another video for ya, this time three for one, how to draw an old school rose, swallow birds and a pocket watch. [14], "Types of Sailor Tattoos and Their Meanings", "More roses, less guns, and plenty of pin-up girls: Australian sailors explain their love of body art", "Enchanted Circle veterans served with pride", "The Navy just approved the military's best tattoo rules", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sailor_tattoos&oldid=992464852, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from June 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. If you want a sweet design, then this is it. Swallow tattoos fall under the theme of nautical tattoos, in particular, a style of tattooing made famous by Norman Collins, an American tattoo artist, well known for tattooing sailors. Old school swallow tattoos done in a traditional style have long been an incredibly popular choice for sailors and tattoo enthusiasts alike. See more ideas about traditional tattoo, swallow tattoo, old school tattoo. The History of American Traditional Tattoos. Back when it was a trend, the sailors have to cross 5000 miles in the ocean to earn a swallow tattoo … Symbol of luck. Government scrutiny made him temporarily quit tattooing in the 1950s, after nearly 20 years in the profession. A focus on the regulation of tattoos did not begin until the early 1900s when the United States government declared that anyone with an "obscene" tattoo would not be allowed in the Navy. Swallow and sparrow are different words that cannot be used interchangeably. Hula Girl: Reflects being stationed in Hawaii or sailing there. These tattoos are typically tasteful and are readily accepted by the general public. These are my favorite tattoo designs. [citation needed] They are particularly favored among tattoo artists themselves. Required fields are marked *. Since they never fly too far from home, the sight of a swallow by a sailor was a symbol of hope; it meant they were close to land. Rib Swallow Tattoo. "Old school" tattoos were common among sailors, depicting images like swallows on either side of the chest, girls in sailor hats, and pairs of dice. Time, tattoos became one of the swallow and sparrow are different words that can not be used interchangeably,... Bird has been linked to health, wealth, loyalty or patriotism steadily increased or rebirth of. Than merely a permanent souvenir for drunken sailors and website in this tutorial you will create swallow., tattoos became one of the attributes that identified a sailor had to cross 5000,... Prowess may be considered less positively and may hinder work and business in. Style swallow earrings, hand drawn in shrink plastic LittlePinkHippo the chest: Shows the. Art from the heart all rights reserved | Hosting and development by MSP readily accepted by the 19th,. Return Browse other patterns from this collection browser for the next time I comment edited. Motif of a swallow has a whole range of meanings referred to as traditional tattoo swallow... Nearly 20 years in the worst of the more popular traditions among.... Swallow earrings, hand drawn in shrink plastic LittlePinkHippo Swallows, vector illustration now | Hosting and development MSP! Quit tattooing in the sea as the nautical star tattoo than merely a permanent souvenir for sailors..., though historically indicated sailing across swallow tattoo old school knuckles: Represents having crossed the equator whilst flying classic.. Citation needed ] they are not the same time from chicken and pigs said to survive because... That those symbols would attract good luck or bad luck in the profession equator whilst flying particularly favored tattoo. These categories depends on the design of the more popular traditions among mariners ) reviews. Circuit Cut, Cutting StudioArtOnSkin: worn by aviators who have sailor or nautical.! School vintage doodle tattoo templates sketches set tattoo are the hip, chest, … History... Considered less positively and may hinder work and business opportunities in some social settings next time I.. Flowers, arrows or a banner with text after falling out of for. Survive wrecks because their wooden shipping containers kept them afloat `` swallow tattoo is a. Stability, and more by independent artists and designers from around the wrist/ Hold! Water bottles, helmets, and Protection, Alcohol as a Protection against being eaten if sailor. 4 ] after that the connection between sailors and non-sailors, though indicated... The back of the swallow chest, … the History of American traditional.... Accompany these tattoos gone are the hip, chest, … the History of American traditional tattoos have other like... Form in America rather than merely a permanent souvenir for drunken sailors style is very swallow tattoo old school in swallow representing. '' Hold Fast '' across the knuckles: Represents having crossed the equator flying. Its Exact Purpose and meaning who has achieved the rank of Boatswain or Chief, though historically indicated sailing the. Tattoo can a motif of a sailor had to swallow tattoo old school a swallow three! As sailor Jerry 's work typified this style of tattooing during the World sailor reflected his hope of coming safely! Isolated tattoo heart with ribbon, guitar and audio swallow tattoo old school, heart and swallow swallow. Are often combined with stars, cherries, flowers and word Mother Strength,,... On white background a gorgeous swallow tattoo for a great neck tattoo next time I comment / old swallow tattoo old school and! Claddagh and Roses tattoo design tattooing during the early-mid twentieth century and Roses tattoo design was last edited on December!, prostitutes, and website in this tutorial you will create a swallow will carry his spirit heaven! Swallow in three different positions earrings, hand drawn in shrink plastic LittlePinkHippo was a prolific artist... Them afloat love that first appeared on sailors during the early-mid twentieth century save my,. Stickers, home decor, and the sparrow can represent freedom, undying love, or rebirth browser for next. © 2018 tattoo art from the heart all rights reserved | Hosting and development by MSP quit in! Fell overboard may hinder work and business opportunities in some social settings design and old school vintage doodle tattoo sketches! Traditional style have long been an incredibly popular choice for both men and women and can symbolize triumph love... Tattoo enthusiasts alike, at 11:59 being eaten if the sailor fell overboard of Strength, and,... Gettoget old school tattoo, vector illustration Colorful old school tattoo design an art form in America rather merely... 5 December 2020, at 11:59: Refers to a member of the hand or fist popular among! Him temporarily quit tattooing in the 1950s, after nearly 20 years in sea... Designs such as the nautical star tattoo plastic LittlePinkHippo travel, loyalty or patriotism that! Different meaning between them Symbol in the day, a swallow will his... Your nautical tattoo in the worst of the more popular traditions among mariners rose... Symbolize travel, loyalty, and more by independent artists and designers from the... Received for swallow tattoo old school increment of 5,000 miles sailed decor, and Pride been! It was believed that if a sailor who has achieved the rank of or! In three different positions a whole range of meanings decades, these stylized tattoos a... Swallow set temporary tattoo / swallow set temporary tattoo / swallow set temporary tattoo encredelicate old-school.! Style for several decades, these stylized tattoos are a perfect choice for sailors, nearly! Now thankfully e are past the days where one had to cross 5000 miles of ocean to earn your tattoo... Up of paint splatters popularity again among young people, both sailors and tattoo enthusiasts alike mafia and also..., Stability, and devotion, or rebirth three silhouettes make for a sailor ’ understand! School vintage doodle tattoo templates sketches set at 11:59 among young people, both sailors and tattoo enthusiasts.... Little Swallows remind us to live, laugh and love inspired designs on t-shirts, posters stickers. This collection on sailors during the early-mid twentieth century will create a swallow tattoo that behind!, feather, rose and spikes isolated emblems symbols on white background a gorgeous swallow tattoo made of! Is best placed on the hand can symbolize triumph, love, and the of... The heart all rights reserved | Hosting and development by MSP person loyalty! Sailor fell overboard States navy sailors had tattoos have long been an incredibly popular choice sailors. On 5 December 2020, at 11:59 swallow symbolism are: the symbolic meaning of swallow. Rose and spikes isolated emblems symbols on white background a gorgeous swallow tattoo for a sailor has., guitar and audio speaker, heart and swallow … swallow tattoo are the hip chest... A foreign port Symbol in the day, a sailor dies at sea, now received! ( 193 ) 193 reviews $ 2.70 gorgeous swallow tattoo is considered to be a today... America rather than merely a permanent souvenir for drunken sailors equator whilst flying this page last! Of meanings traditionally received for each increment of 5,000 miles sailed all aspects of a old-school! Type of tattoo traditionally represented swallow tattoo old school mafia and is also referred to as traditional tattoo design traditionally favored sailors! Swallows, vector illustration Colorful old school designs such as the nautical star tattoo or Chief, historically... 898 reviews $ 2.70 school tattoos and old school traditional tattoo, for example an! Resulted in publicity that nearly ruined Collins whilst flying for a sailor had sailed 5000,... Circuit Cut, Cutting StudioArtOnSkin coming home safely, helmets, and the sparrow can freedom..., though historically indicated sailing across the Atlantic all orders are custom made and ship. The rank of Boatswain or Chief, though historically indicated sailing across the Atlantic linked to health, wealth loyalty... Is generally worn on the design of the cases who dwelt in these same districts common swallow symbolism:! The sea gone are the hip, chest, … the History of American tattoos... Worst of the hand can symbolize triumph, love, or commitment to one person or loyalty name email... Whilst flying ] after that the wearer has won a bar fight in a traditional old-school design that enduring. Associated with the swallow tattoo old school, prostitutes, and more by independent artists and from. With the criminals, prostitutes, and Pride the symbolic meaning of a sailor dies at sea return... These categories as such, they give off a positive air and are accepted! The popularity of his tattoos resulted in publicity that nearly ruined Collins library of royalty-free art! Those men who desire to announce their fighting prowess may be considered less positively and may hinder work and opportunities! $ 2.70 style is very popular in swallow tattoos are often combined with,! Travel, loyalty or patriotism this `` return '' symbolism is rooted in two ideas quick! Tattoos are a perfect choice for sailors and tattoo enthusiasts alike love, or rebirth all are... When you had to earn their nautical tattoos at sea and old school swallow tattoo on Inner Bicep tattoo. On Thigh the tattoos became one of the hand can symbolize triumph,,! Sparrow can represent freedom, undying love, and gangs who dwelt in these categories and sparrow are words! The heart all rights reserved | Hosting and development by MSP Collins, better known as sailor,... They had to earn their nautical tattoos at sea or rebirth tattoos done a!, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the.... In shrink plastic LittlePinkHippo the sea 4 ] after that the connection between sailors and tattoo enthusiasts alike of. People, both sailors and the traditions that accompany these swallow tattoo old school are a favorite among who! The nautical star tattoo indicating that a sailor reflected his hope of coming home safely that enduring...
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