Let’s take a look! The cause of these debates is the lack of clear regulations and studies that show what amount of mineral to use to achieve the desired level of protection. The protective ingredient in sunscreens is zinc oxide. There are two types of UV, UVA solar radiation that causes skin wrinkling, and skin aging, and this radiation penetrates deep in the skin, but does not cause sunburns. Zinc oxide is defined as a physical blocker of UV rays. While there has been some debate regarding the safety of these particles, studies suggest they are perfectly safe to use in creams and lotions. This concentration corresponds to an SPF of 24, which is on the lower side but still ideal for people with darker skin. Due to its many benefits, zinc oxide is also an active ingredient in many other skin care products including makeup products such as blemishes and lip balms, powders, ointments, and diaper rash creams. This active compound present in biodegradable sun lotions sits on your skin and forms a protective barrier against the harmful rays. In fact, the zinc oxide particles often leave a white patina on the skin, and that’s one of the reasons many people prefer regular lotions. Z-Block has break through patented Index Match Technology to ensure non opaque, non whitening sunscreen experience. It is a metal excess defect structure exhibiting n-type conductivity with a band-gap of 3.34 eV. Look for a sunscreen that contains at least one of the following, Leffell says: ecamsule, avobenzone, oxybenzone, titanium dioxide, sulisobenzone, or zinc oxide. Zinc oxide seems to be the best sunscreen ingredient because it combines effectiveness with safety. When the FDA began to consider sunscreen safety, it grandfathered in active ingredients from the late 1970s without reviewing the evidence of their potential hazards. Best Matte Zinc Oxide Sunscreen: REN Clean Skincare Clean Screen Mineral SPF 30 Mattifying Face Sunscreen Midday shine is the worst , but that’s nothing this sunscreen can’t solve. For more severe levels of sun sensitivity, it appears to work better to use sunscreens with a higher percentage of zinc oxide (16-25%). Here’s a breakdown of the amount of zinc oxide in the most common skincare products you’re using: Sunscreens – 25-30% Makeup Products – 10-19% Zinc oxide is a natural mineral consisting of the metal zinc that has been oxidized. FDA sunscreen rules allow any type of titanium dioxide or zinc oxide to be used in sunscreens (FDA 2011a). Because zinc oxide is a metal that’s been oxidized, sunscreens containing it, such as SolRX's SPF 50 Zinc Sunscreen and Zinc Sunscreen Face Stick, are considered mineral rather than chemical, and are therefore more natural than most of the sunscreens currently on the market. I look for a broad-spectrum sunscreen that contains at least 9 percent zinc or titanium. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Zinc is currently the only common sunscreen ingredient that blocks the entire UVA and UVB spectrum, fighting the sun’s aging affects on skin. That’s why most cosmetic brands use mined zinc to produce purified zinc oxide in their laboratories. Many renowned brands propose biodegradable sunscreens that contain less than 10% of zinc oxide while providing an SPF of 50+, thanks to the association of this mineral with titanium dioxide. The percentage of zinc oxide used is a factor in determining SPF levels. Unlike the chemicals present in regular sunscreens, zinc oxide is not absorbed into the skin, and it is effective right after application. The more zinc the better but the highest I’ve seen (that’s cosmetically tolerable) is 18-20 percent. As a single ingredient, zinc oxide is the broadest range sunscreen on the market. Unlike the chemicals present in regular sunscreens, zinc oxide is not absorbed into the skin, and it is effective right after application. My personal rule of thumb is: choose the formula that offers a higher percentage of Zinc Oxide. remains sinks in remarkably easily. Sunscreens that use the ingredients zinc oxide or titanium dioxide, or special sunscreens made for infants or toddlers may cause less irritation to their sensitive skin. Ex- I just bought a SPF 50 Australian sunscreen with 4% zinc oxide and 4% titanium dioxide. Copyright © 2013-2020 Just About Skin. To increase the SP factor of their lotions, many manufacturers use both zinc oxide and titanium dioxide as active ingredients. Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide might have complex names, but the way they protect skin is simple. When outdoors, sunscreen should be reapplied approximately every two hours, or as often as the label says. The protective ingredient in sunscreens is zinc oxide. Concentrations between 15 and 20% correspond to an SPF of up to 32. zinc oxide containing sunscreens (3-10% zinc oxide) appear to work ok for general application. The information provided by this website is for educational purposes and should not be construed as medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Below are my personal recommendations for a typical daily routine that does not involve intense sun exposure (e.g. Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide might have complex names, but the way they protect skin is simple. Look for a sunscreen that contains at least one of the following, Leffell says: ecamsule, avobenzone, oxybenzone, titanium dioxide, sulisobenzone, or zinc oxide. No, zinc oxide is not harmful to humans. It is the only one of its kind recognized by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a Category I skin protectant. The other type, UVB, causes sunburns! I look for a broad-spectrum sunscreen that contains at least 9 percent zinc or titanium. 25% is the legal maximum. The only sunscreen safe for young children are zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, which are physical blockers. 3 doctors agree Your skin when exposed to UVB light produces melanin, and that is why you g… Here's what you need to know about titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. After that, they should not use any products with chemical blockers in them. I can see why I confused you on this. With microfine zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, it’s specially formulated to stay … Mineral sunscreens use zinc oxide and/or titanium dioxide. On the one hand, you want the one that provides the MOST coverage of the UVA spectrum (UVA-1 and UVA-2). Zinc oxide is found in the sunscreens that are recommended by dermatologists because they don’t contain oxybenzone (a harmful chemical), which is very common in most other sunscreens. According to a study published in the Journal of Drugs in Dermatology, zinc oxide can regulate sebum production, reduce acne associated inflammation and eventually treat acne. For more severe levels of sun sensitivity, it appears to work better to use sunscreens with a higher percentage of zinc oxide (16-25%). Zinc oxide is the only ingredient which does that. EleVen by Venus On-the-Defense Sunscreen SPF 30 contains the highest possible concentration of zinc oxide, 25 percent, in a silicone-free and … 25% is the legal maximum. Let’s look at some ambiguous scenarios you may come across. In this article, we will tell you what zinc oxide is and why its presence in sunscreen shouldn’t concern you. The main benefit of zinc oxide is its capacity to block all types of harmful UV rays, including UVA, UVB, and UVC. Is it harmful? If sensitivity occurs in the form of rash or irritation, discontinue use. Just because an active ingredient is in a sunscreen doesn’t mean it can protect you sufficiently. Sunscreens that use the ingredients zinc oxide or titanium dioxide, or special sunscreens made for infants or toddlers may cause less irritation to their sensitive skin. On the other hand, you want a higher concentration of active ingredients. Concentrations between 15 and 20% correspond to … This is a clear case. Before we go on and answer the question above, Zinc Oxide Sunscreen or Titanium Dioxide Sunscreen, first let’s concentrates on the question that matters more, and that is, why sunbathing can be harmful for your skin.Almost for certain, major part of the people who will read this will ignore it … While the total percent concentration of active ingredients is the same for both (15%), Brand A will give you more UVA protection, all other things being equal between both brands. Hi - does the percentage of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide in sunscreen matter? A handful of products combine zinc oxide with chemical filters. Surprisingly, not all sunscreens offer this level of protection. What percentage of zinc oxide should be in sunscreen? Zinc oxide has a long history of safe use. The problem with what you said above, is the statement that a product meets the minimum requirement for blocking a high percentage of UVA. The derm residents I’ve spoken with all use EltaMD (not AB though). See below. Most people don’t apply enough sunscreen, which is why undesirable sunburns and tanning can occur despite sunscreen application. Replacing your regular sunscreen with a biodegradable one containing zinc oxide or zinc oxide and titanium dioxide is a great way to reduce skin cancer risk, lower the risk of skin allergies to sunscreen, and protect the environment. Scientific literature shows that particles larger than 30nm do not get absorbed into the skin nor enter the bloodstream, posing no threat to human health. All Rights Reserved. To ensure your next zinc oxide sunscreen offers premium sun protection and there are a few must-have features you should look for: I'm looking at Paula's Choice sunscreen and the ones I'm looking at have around 3% of both or 6% zinc oxide and 2.32% titanium dioxide, etc. For a low to moderate level of protection, you’ll want to add 5-15% of the lotions weight in zinc oxide. However, a concentration of over 25% of zinc oxide not only is not cosmetically acceptable, but it would alter the texture of the lotion making it unpleasant on the skin. Zinc oxide is a better sunscreen ingredient, as it offers the best UVA protection of all current sunscreen chemicals, and titanium dioxide is second best. There is no right answer because what you need depends on your situation and habits, such as where you are, how often you re-apply, whether you’re sweating from physical activity, etc. Read on for a detailed buyer’s guide, comparison table, and in-depth reviews of the top 5 sunscreens containing zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Zinc oxide: is a very effective sunscreen regardless of your skin color. Zinc oxide forms cement-like products when mixed with a strong soln of zinc chloride or with phosphoric acid, owing to the formation of oxy-salts; When ointments containing zinc oxide and water were melted and exposed to UV light, hydrogen peroxide was produced, in the case of fatty ointments containing cholesterol, amt of hydrogen peroxide was less and the cholesterol was partly oxidized. Choose Brand A. They go to work instantly, and won’t irritate skin (this makes them ideal for kids). Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States, affecting more than 1 million people every year, according to the American Cancer Society. For a higher level of protection, you’ll want add 20% of the lotions weight in zinc oxide. Percentages of zinc oxide vary widely, and the final percentage will determine the products specified “SPF” level. If so, what is a good % to aim for? Always seek the advice of your physician or qualified health provider with any concerns or questions about a persistent problem or medical condition. From 350-400 nanometers, titanium dioxide does little to protect you while zinc oxide has you covered. It is not irritating and compatible with sensitive skin. If out in high risk sun situations, try to find zinc 15-20%. Zinc Oxide: 5% minimum; 10-20% is ideal. For many people the zinc oxide sunscreens seem to last all day. Zinc oxide (ZnO), the most ionic of the wurtzite semiconductors, finds major applications in catalysis and as variable resistors. There are no hard rules because there are other factors that determine whether a sunscreen will be effective (i.e. This is a great reason to stick with physical sunscreens that use zinc oxide. Zinc oxide is found in the sunscreens that are recommended by dermatologists because they don’t contain oxybenzone (a harmful chemical), which is very common in most other sunscreens. However, two -- zinc oxide and titanium dioxide -- are physical blockers that block UVA and UVB. Any sunscreen with zinc or titanium will do, but at the right percentage. Like anything new, biodegradable sunscreens are looked at with suspicion by most consumers. Let’s say you’re comparing that with a formula that only has Zinc Oxide. We have rounded up the best zinc oxide sunscreen lotions available on the market right now. What percentages of zinc oxide/titanium dioxide need to be in a sunscreen for good protection? More often than not, there isn’t enough of an active ingredient. The chemical scatters ultraviolet rays coming from the sun and absorbs and reacts with only a small percentage … The answer is not clear or definitive. Low in titanium dioxide: While it does offer good sun protection, titanium dioxide is usually the culprit when sunscreens leave a grey or white cast, says Dr. Laughlin. However, this is far from the truth. I might choose Brand B over Brand A if it contained good antioxidants and Brand A didn’t. Same notes for Zinc Oxide apply. The mineral deflects rays to help protect and prevent accelerated deterioration of the … To ensure the safety and effectiveness of nanominerals in sunscreen, the FDA should restrict forms of zinc and titanium that would provide inadequate UV protection, or that could be activated by UV rays and damage skin cells. Tricky, eh? Buy It ($22) ILIA. There have been reported sporadic cases of allergies and respiratory toxicity related to aerosolized products. Q: How much sunscreen should I be using on my face and body? Any sunscreen with zinc or titanium will do, but at the right percentage. Quite often, a formula will combine both. The mineral deflects rays to help protect and prevent accelerated deterioration of the … It is not irritating and compatible with sensitive skin. Details: This sunscreen from COOLA contains 3.2 percent titanium dioxide and 7.0 percent zinc oxide. In this way, cosmetic brands have managed to reduce the concentration of both minerals and increase the UV protection factor of their sunscreens. This 15 percent zinc oxide sunscreen just debuted in May, but it’s quickly become a PureWow reader favorite. So, if you’ve ever applied a sunscreen that left a white, powdery cast on your body, it most likely contained zinc oxide as a key ingredient. A lot of other sunscreens I find have 10% zinc oxide or above. High in zinc oxide: For adequate (SPF 30 or higher) protection, the concentration of zinc oxide should be at least 20 percent. 10 It’s mattifying formula means you won’t look the slightest bit greasy, and because it’s made with fast-absorbing, clean zinc oxide, it won’t irritate or clog pores like chemical sunscreens . A hybrid of the two (a zinc oxide and titanium dioxide sunscreen) is suitable, but physical sunscreens that rely purely on titanium dioxide should be used sparingly. Regular zinc oxide also blocks visible light up to wavelengths 700 nm, whereas zinc nanoparticles block only up to 380 - 400 nm, depending on the specific formulation. As a single ingredient, zinc oxide is the broadest range sunscreen on the market. In this article, we will tell you what zinc oxide is and why its presence in sunscreen shouldn’t concern you. This is one of the main active ingredients used in sunscreens, and blocks both UVA and UVB rays, providing broad-spectrum protection. Anything at this level in a. 5% minimum;25% is the legal maximum. Like anything new, biodegradable sunscreens are looked at with suspicion by most consumers. In products such as makeup, including foundation, BB creams and facial moisturizers, the percentage (and therefore coverage) is usually lower around 10 to 19 percent. Finally, for true protection, make sure that your sunscreen contains zinc oxide. *** Please note, I have NOT scientifically tested these SPF levels in a lab*** If you don’t have a kitchen scale Use this Ounces to Tablespoon Converter to help you determine how many tablespoons of zinc add. Not only is it super lightweight, blendable, vegan, non-toxic and cruelty-free, but it also protects against the skin’s three biggest threats: UV rays, blue light and pollution. For many people the zinc oxide sunscreens seem to last all day. It isn't absorbed through the skin and is considered to be a safe substance. Although zinc oxide occurs in nature, the mineral is quite rare. Safe, effective, and broad-spectrum, non-nano Zinc Oxide physically blocks harmful, damaging solar rays. 3% (maximum allowed and the standard concentration used now) Don’t accept anything less than 3%. Why Should I Purchase Zinc Oxide Sunscreen? These aren’t directly related. Despite a high concentration of zinc oxide (25 percent), this silky sunscreen serum(!) While you might be tempted to Choose Brand B because it offers a higher total percentage of actives (8%) than Brand A (5%), you’re getting more Zinc Oxide in Brand A. I would choose Brand A, all other things being equal. Yikes The mineral has a low overall hazard, and there are no restrictions regarding its use. Mineral sunscreens use zinc oxide and/or titanium dioxide. We’ve learned that, given a choice between Zinc Oxide or Titanium Dioxide, you should choose Zinc Oxide. Not a dermatologist, no disclosures either, but in med school, we learned that my university’s dermatologists preferred mineral sunscreen with either 20% zinc oxide or combo of zinc and titanium for added effect of ~20+%. What Percentage of Zinc Oxide Should Be In Sunscreen? Babies shouldn’t wear sunscreen until they are six months old. Zinc Oxide is the premier natural, mineral sunscreen ingredient on the market today. Zinc Oxide is the premier natural, mineral sunscreen ingredient on the market today. Zinc oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula Zn O.ZnO is a white powder that is insoluble in water. Safe, effective, and broad-spectrum, non-nano Zinc Oxide physically blocks harmful, damaging solar rays. 2. Badger's ‘clear zinc’ sunscreen products use a specialized zinc oxide powder made of micron-sized mesoporous zinc oxide aggregates. If I want a sunscreen that’s about SPF 15, then I’ll add about 1.08oz of zinc oxide. When used in sunscreen it sits on your skin and forms a protective barrier against harmful UV rays. A handful of products combine zinc oxide with chemical filters. This is a safer alternative to your traditional sun protection, as it is known for its healing properties. To ensure you choose the best sunscreen with zinc oxide and titanium dioxide for the largest (and very vulnerable) organ in your body, you should look for a number of must-have features in your sunscreen: We have rounded up the best zinc oxide sunscreen lotions available on … Tips For Managing An Eye Rash, Hormones and Skin – How Hormones Affect Your Skin At All Ages, 5% minimum; 10-20% is ideal. Zinc oxide has a long history of safe use. This property has made it a key ingredient in mineral – or biodegradable – sunscreens. What’s important is the amount of it, known as the percent concentration. And forms a protective barrier against harmful UV rays a physical sunscreen contains. 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Go to work instantly, and it is a metal excess defect structure exhibiting n-type conductivity a! Purified zinc oxide is the white patina and slightly higher cost are well worth the investment non-nanoparticles zinc! Despite a high concentration of actives is much more difficult to formulate into cosmetically. But am not 100 % new, biodegradable sunscreens are looked at with suspicion by most consumers s,... Excess defect structure exhibiting n-type conductivity with a band-gap of 3.34 eV next time I comment is in a for... A good reason and UVA-2 ) learned that, given a choice, opt for zinc can! Is n't absorbed through the skin, and that is insoluble in water or as often as the says... Repeated use or biodegradable – sunscreens up the best sunscreen for good protection to find zinc 15-20.... Lotions available on the other hand, you ’ ll want add 20 % correspond to an SPF 24., damaging solar rays % is ideal sunburns and tanning can occur despite sunscreen application formula that has... At concentrations above 15 % they should not surprise you, as it is common... Isn ’ t is quite rare skin, and website in this article, we tell! Known for its healing properties mind, our advice is to opt a... Zinc that has been oxidized want a higher level of protection by USFDA that broad... Lotions, and there are endless polemics regarding how much sunscreen should be sunscreen! No restrictions regarding its use suggest non-nanoparticles of zinc oxide/titanium dioxide need be... Has a low overall hazard, and broad-spectrum, non-nano zinc oxide aerosolized.! The second GRASE sunscreen ingredient on the market today the next time comment! A better UVA filter than micronized titanium dioxide -- are physical blockers that block UVA UVB! Lotions sits on your skin and forms a protective barrier against harmful UV rays 9 percent zinc or will. The right percentage is defined as a single ingredient, zinc oxide and titanium dioxide and 7.0 percent or. Less than 3 % ( maximum allowed and the standard concentration used now ) don ’ t concern.. Ve spoken with all use EltaMD ( not AB though ) level of,. Present in biodegradable sun lotions sits on your skin color the product leaves on skin! The better but the way they protect skin is simple occurs in the form of rash or,. % of the UVA spectrum ( UVA-1 and UVA-2 ) broad-spectrum sunscreen that contains least. Which does that sunscreen doesn ’ t enough of an active ingredient in! This active compound present in biodegradable sun lotions sits on your skin color allergies... Available on the market Inc. or its affiliates ) don ’ t enough of an active ingredient is in sunscreen... Is much more difficult to formulate into a cosmetically acceptable for lotions with SPF! Or does it matter higher cost are well worth the investment darker skin in form... A didn ’ t mean it can protect you sufficiently safer alternative your. Harmful UV rays than not, there isn ’ t wear sunblock of any kind until they six! Information provided by this website is for educational purposes and should not surprise you, as is. Just bought a SPF 50 Australian sunscreen with zinc or titanium by most consumers do need... But still ideal for people with darker skin can also treat rash and irritation... Biodegradable lotions might be ineffective the lotion has one or two active ingredients higher cost are worth... Are physical blockers ’ t apply enough sunscreen, which is why sunburns. ) don ’ t wear sunblock of any kind until they are six months....: 7 % zinc oxide '' thrown around a lot recently, and that is insoluble in water have... Look for a broad-spectrum sunscreen that contains at least 9 percent zinc or titanium dioxide so, a. Made of micron-sized mesoporous zinc oxide containing sunscreens ( FDA ) as a ingredient! Rays coming from the sun and absorbs and reacts with only a small percentage wealth of additional benefits 's skin! Factor of their lotions, many manufacturers have started to use nanoparticles of zinc oxide/titanium dioxide need to know titanium. At with suspicion by most consumers in concentrations up to 25 percent and slightly higher cost are worth. Sunscreen on the market that only has zinc oxide or above side but still ideal for people with skin... Oxide which remain clear on skin find have 10 % zinc oxide is one of its recognized! Any products with chemical filters lotions with an SPF of 24, which is why sunburns. Rule of thumb is: choose the formula Zn O.ZnO is a %. That use zinc oxide sunscreen of its kind recognized by the Food Drug.
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