Log into your account. See. The dogs are not listed as threatened by the IUCN, as the organization considers them to be a breed of domestic dog (Canis familiaris). The size and distribution of the wild population is not known. The dogs are not listed as threatened by the IUCN, as the organization considers them to be a breed of domestic dog (Canis familiaris). Wozencraft referred to the mDNA study as one of the guides in forming his decision. The size and distribution of the wild population is not known. [2], Compared with other forms of dog, the New Guinea singing dog is described as relatively short-legged and broad-headed. New Guinea singing dogs are best known for their haunting and unique vocalizations, which sound like a cross between a wolf’s howl and whale song. ", New Guinea Singing Dog Conservation Society, A singing dog singing (download of audio-file), Video of New Guinea Singing Dogs "singing", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=New_Guinea_singing_dog&oldid=992467955, Dog breeds originating in Papua New Guinea, Breeds originating from Indigenous people, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2019, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 12:25. [6] In 2020 a genome study indicated that the highland wild dogs from the base of Puncak Jaya were the population from which captive New Guinea singing dogs derived. A recent international study discovered that the New Guinea singing dog, a population thought to be extinct in the wild, shares nearly its entire genetic identity with the New Guinea highland dog, a rarely seen wild population in the island’s high-altitude, mountain regions. He wrote that these dogs live with native people in the mountains, and that there were feral populations living in the alpine and sub-alpine grasslands of the Star Mountains and the Wharton Range. During the Torres expedition to the south coast of New Guinea and the Torres Strait in 1606, small dogs were recorded by Captain Don Diego de Prado Y Tovar: We found small dumb dogs that neither bark nor howl, and do not cry out even if beaten with sticks[15]. Still others hold a distinction between the New Guinea Singing Dog (NGSD) in captivity and the New Guinea Highland Wild Dog (NGHWD) in the wild. An individual howl lasts an average of 3 seconds, but can last as long as 5 seconds. According to study co-author James McIntyre, the New Guinea singing dogs “are a kind of proto-domestic dog. [37][page needed], Researchers have noted rough play behavior by the mothers towards their pups, which often switched over to agonistic behavior as well as "handling". Troughton described the type specimen as follows: Specimens. [9] In 2019, a workshop hosted by the IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group considered the New Guinea singing dog and the dingo to be feral dogs Canis familiaris, and therefore should not be assessed for the IUCN Red List.[12]. Once considered to be a separate species in its own right, under the name Canis hallstomi, it is closely related to the Australian dingo. New Guinea singing dogs are a unique branch on the canid evolutionary tree. ", "PHOTOS: A wild dog thought long extinct has been spotted in New Guinea – with puppies", "New Guinea highland wild dogs are the original New Guinea singing dogs", "Origin, genetic diversity, and genome structure of the domestic dog", 10.1002/(SICI)1521-1878(199903)21:3<247::AID-BIES9>3.0.CO;2-Z, "The Wayward Dog: Is the Australian native dog or Dingo a distinct species? The researchers hope that their findings will push governments and organizations to protect wild dogs. The eyes, which are highly reflective, are triangular (or almond-shaped) and are angled upwards from the inner to outer corners with dark eye rims. The dog is noted for its unique vocalization. Flannery published in his book a photo of a black-and-tan dog in the Telefomin District. Pups are born with a dark chocolate brown pelt with gold flecks and reddish tinges, which changes to light brown by the age of six weeks. Their tails are bushy, long enough to reach the hock, free of kinks, and have a white tip. There are three organizations that exist for the sole purpose of conserving and preserving New Guinea singing dogs. No DNA sampling was conducted. [14] Tim Flannery's short 1989 report on dogs in the mountains of Papua New Guinea described them as "extraordinarily shy" and "almost preternaturally canny". your password [43], Natives interviewed in the highlands state that these dogs steal the kills of Papuan eagles.[44]. To add to the problem, natives kept other domestic dogs. In a valley flanked by waterfalls on both sides among approximately 4 km (13,000 ft) high limestone peaks, replete with such flora and fauna as cycads, grasses and blooms of the highlands, cuscuses, possums, tree kangaroos, unidentified ground-nesting birds in swamp grass, and a bird-of-paradise species heard but not seen, Hewitt relates that his veteran trek guide called out "dog" four times and pointed to fetch Hewitt and his trek client from their explorations behind large boulders and have them realize that ahead and above the guide and camp cook on a rocky outcrop was a dog, in Hewitt's words "not scared, but...genuinely curious...as we were of it, and it certainly felt like a rare meeting for both sides. [23] The dingo and the Basenji are basal members of the domestic dog clade. A recent international study co-authored by a Texas A&M University professor discovered that the New Guinea singing dog, a population thought to be extinct in the wild, shares nearly its entire genetic identity with the New Guinea highland dog, a rarely seen wild population in the island’s high-altitude, mountain regions. New Guinea singing dogs are handicapped, as are many canids such as the Australian dingo, by their susceptibility to being bred by canines other than those of their own kind. Although the majority of the highland tribes never used village dogs as a food source, it is known that even today they attempt to catch, kill and eat wild dogs. Such a sound is not known for any other canid; however, a similar sound (with lower frequency) has been described for a dhole at the Moscow Zoo. In the 1970s, a few wild dogs were captured and the remaining 200 captive New Guinea singing dogs are their descendants. … Dogs have been known for their bark, or howl in some cases, but the New Guinea singing dog has a very unique voice. [7], In 1999, a study of mitochondrial DNA indicated that the domestic dog may have originated from multiple grey wolf populations, with the dingo and New Guinea singing dog "breeds" having developed at a time when human populations were more isolated from each other. [14], All sightings in the wild were of single dogs or pairs, therefore it can be inferred that wild New Guinea singing dogs do not form permanent packs. According to the New Guinea Singing Dog Conservation Society as of 2015, the complete list of zoos around the world where captive New Guinea singing dogs are kept is short relative to most zoo species, highlighting their varietal endangered condition after suspected extinction in the wild and the paucity of the zoo gene pool. [14] Their distinctive aggression could not be observed to that extent among Australian dingoes (who live without human contact). An analysis of the DNA of three wild dogs living above 4,300 meters (14,000 feet) on the island of New Guinea matches that of captive New Guinea singing dogs. The New Guinea Singing Dog, a dingo-like animal with a unique howling style, was considered extinct in the wild. MacGregor obtained the first specimen and later Charles Walter De Vis wrote a description of it in 1911. Vairão, Portugal, 28th - 30th May 2019", "An updated description of the New Guinea Singing Dog (, "A new native dog from the Papuan Highlands, Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 1955–1956", "Worldwide patterns of genomic variation and admixture in gray wolves", "Genome Sequencing Highlights the Dynamic Early History of Dogs", "Genome-wide Evidence Reveals that African and Eurasian Golden Jackals Are Distinct Species", "Complete Mitochondrial Genomes of Ancient Canids Suggest a European Origin of Domestic Dogs", "21–Dogs and People in South East Asia and the Pacific", "Out of southern East Asia: The natural history of domestic dogs across the world", "A detailed picture of the origin of the Australian dingo, obtained from the study of mitochondrial DNA", "Genomic regions under selection in the feralization of the dingoes", "Rare 'singing' dog, thought to be extinct in wild for 50 years, still thrives", "An ethogram for the New Guinea Singing (wild) Dog (Canis hallstromi)", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "The New Guinea singing dog: Its status and scientific importance", "First photo of rare, wild New Guinea singing dog in 23 years", "A Rapid Biodiversity Assessment of the Kaijende Highlands, Enga Province, Papua New Guinea", "First ever photo of a wild Singing Dog? During chorus howling, one dog starts and others join in shortly afterward. [38] According to observations made by Ortolani,[39] the howling of these dogs can be clearly differentiated from that of Australian dingoes, and differs significantly from that of grey wolves and coyotes. New Guinea singing dogs are best known for their haunting and unique vocalizations, which sound like a cross between a wolf’s howl and whale song. Photo: Facebook/New Guinea Highland Wild Dog Foundation. In a group, when one dog starts singing, the other ones also join in with different pitches, thus producing a music-like quality to the sounds. Robert Bino is a student from the University of Papua New Guinea. Female New Guinea singing dogs are protective of their young and will aggressively attack their male counterpart if they suspect he poses a danger to the pups. Eye color ranges from dark amber to dark-brown. [14] Their howl reportedly has been compared to the song of a humpback whale. [5] DNA analysis of scats indicate that these dogs have a genetic relationship with other dogs found in Oceania, including the dingo and the New Guinea singing dog. Hybridization is one of the most serious threats facing the New Guinea singing dog. Singers also whine, yelp, bark, and scream (a drawn-out yelp). Audio recording of six New Guinea Singing Dogs forming a chorus. At the start, the frequency rises and stabilizes for the rest of the howling, but normally shows abrupt changes in frequency. The New Guinea singing dog was first studied in 1897, and became known for their unique and characteristic vocalization, able to make pleasing and harmonic sounds with tonal quality. According to news published on September 3rd, 2020, the New Guinea singing dog didn’t become extinct. And when in a group, one dog starts singing and others join in at different pitches, each with its own unique voice. In his 1998 book Throwim Way Leg, Tim Flannery states that the dokfuma (which he describes as sub-alpine grassland with the ground being sodden moss, lichens and herbs growing atop a swamp) at 3,200 meters elevation had plenty of New Guinea singing dogs, which could usually be heard at the beginning and end of each day. During estrus, when potential partners are present, same-sex New Guinea singing dogs often fight to the point of severe injury. [48], In 2020, a nuclear genome study indicates that the highland wild dogs from the base of Puncak Jaya, within the Tembagapura district in the Mimika Regency of Papua, Indonesia, were the population from which captive New Guinea singing dogs were derived. This extremely rare dog breed is known for its unique vocalizations and howls. The dog has a reputation for its unique vocalization. [20] The dingo and New Guinea singing dog lineage can be traced back through the Malay Archipelago to Asia. One might conclude that the relationship between the contemporary New Guineans and their dogs will give information about how they treated the New Guinea singing dogs, but modern "village dogs" are not genetically representative of pure New Guinea singing dogs. On 26 October 1897, the Lieutenant-Governor of British New Guinea, Sir William MacGregor, was on Mount Scratchley, Central Province, Papua New Guinea. Black and very dark guard hair is generally lightly allocated over the hair of the spine, concentrating on the back of the ears and the surface of the tail over the white tip. A 2007 sighting in the Kaijende Highlands was east of the center. This breeds vocalizations of barks and howls are very harmonic. [3] In 2016 a literature review found no definitive evidence that the founding members of captive populations of New Guinea singing dogs were wild-living animals; they were raised as members of village populations of domestic dogs. These dogs do not bark, and their chorused howling makes a haunting and extraordinary sound, which has led to their alternative name of "New Guinea Singing Dog". How could we have a discussion about New Guinea Singing Dogs and not hear them sing? About one third also have white markings on the muzzle, face and neck. Since 1956, New Guinea singing dogs have been obtained or sighted in the wild chiefly in mountainous terrain around the central segment of the New Guinea Highlands, a major island-extensive east–west running mountain range formation, as the 1956 dogs obtained by Speer and Sinclair (see 'History and classification' section above) were in what's now typically spelled the Lavani Valley slightly to the East, the Star Mountains slightly to the West of center sited reports through 1976. New Guinea singing dogs still exist in captivity, but their numbers are small. Now, it is being heard in the wild again. [36], Several behaviors unique to New Guinea singing dogs have been noted:[14]. The muzzle is always black on young dogs. The New Guinea singing dog or New Guinea Highland dog[1] is a type of dog native to the New Guinea Highlands of the island of New Guinea. [40][unreliable source? The ears can be rotated like a directional receiver to pick up faint sounds. Spontaneous howling is most common during the morning and evening hours. [14], Reports from local sources in Papua New Guinea from the 1970s and the mid-1990s indicate that New Guinea singing dogs-like wild dogs found in New Guinea, whether they were pure New Guinea singing dogs or hybrids-fed on small to middle-sized marsupials, rodents, birds, and fruits. The other is that they possess a higher concentration of cells in the tapetum. The study revealed that the wild dogs show much more genetic diversity than the captive animals, which are severely inbred. — Male holotype, female allotype, in possession of Sir Edward Hallstrom at Taronga Zoological Park, Sydney, for eventual lodgment in the collection of the Australian Museum.General characters:Muzzle or rostral region short and narrow in contrast with the remarkable facial or bi-zygomatic width, imparting the strikingly vulpine or fox-like appearance. with taxonomic ambiguity: Workshop conclusions and recommendations. [37][page needed] A trill, with a distinctly "bird-like" character, is emitted during high arousal. Little is known about New Guinea singing dogs in the wild, and there are only two … [32], In a 2007 report, a more recent sighting was the fleeting glimpse of a dog at Lake Tawa in the Kaijende Highlands. The call of the New Guinea singing dog sounds like a wolf’s howl crossed with a whale song. [35], During research observations, the examined dogs generally showed a lower threshold of behavior (e.g., scent rolling) than other domestic dogs, as well as an earlier developmental onset than other domestic dogs or grey wolves (e.g., hackle biting at two weeks compared to other domestic dogs/grey wolves at 6 weeks) and a quantitative difference (e.g., reduced expression of intraspecific affiliate behaviors). [1] In 1956, Albert Speer and J. P. Sinclair obtained a pair of singing dogs in the Lavani Valley that was situated in Southern Highlands Province. [16][1] De Vis summarised from his description that: ... it is not a "truly a wild dog"; in other words that there was a time when its forebears were not wild. Generally, all colors have white markings underneath the chin, on the paws, chest and tail tip. According to reports from the late 1950s and mid-1970s, wild dogs believed to be New Guinea singing dogs were shy and avoided contact with humans. In the wild, these dogs scavenge for food and most survive on a mixture of small birds, rodents, and fruit. When alone in his campsite one day, a group of canines came within several hundred meters of him. [32] One is that of their pupils, which open wider and allow in more light than in other dog varieties. New Guinea singing dogs are best known for their haunting and unique vocalizations, which sound like a cross between a wolf’s howl and whale song. ", "Old World Canis spp. Adult coloration occurs around four months of age. [18], By the close of the last Ice Age 11,700 years ago, five ancestral lineages had diversified from each other and were expressed in ancient dog samples found in the Levant (7,000 YBP), Karelia (10,900 YBP), Lake Baikal (7,000 YBP), ancient America (4,000 YBP), and in the New Guinea singing dog (present day). Reports of the Kalam people capturing New Guinea singing dogs in the mid-1970s imply the human tribe's range just off center east on the northeastern mainland coast (see 'Relationship with humans' section below). This is a vitally important piece of news for the ecosystem, as we thought that this species disappeared at the beginning of the 20th century. In Tierpark Berlin, 80% of the litters were born in October and November and the gestation period was 58–64 days. This vulnerability has, and is still, causing a "watering down" of dingo genes needed to maintain purity. The New Guinea highland dog is nearly identical to a canine group previously thought to be extinct, according to a new study. The New Guinea singing dog is still with us. Dog-findings in archaeological sites of New Guinea are rare, mostly consisting of teeth (used as ornaments) and trophy-skulls. [14], Males in captivity often participate in raising the pups, including the regurgitation of food. In most cases, chorus howling is well synchronized, and the howls of the group end nearly simultaneously. [11], The New Guinea singing dog's taxonomic status is debated, with proposals that include treating it within the species concept (range of variation) of the domestic dog Canis familiaris,[12][13][10][2] a distinct species Canis hallstromi,[1][14] and Canis lupus dingo when considered a subspecies of the wolf. New Guinea Singing Dog sounds (26) Most recent Oldest Shortest duration Longest duration Any Length 2 sec 2 sec - 5 sec 5 sec - 20 sec 20 sec - 1 min > 1 min All libraries David Fienup 0:03 The New Guinea singing dog, an extremely rare breed, is best known for its unique barks and howls -- it's able to make harmonic sounds that have been compared to the calls of a humpback whale… The researchers wrote in PNAS that the “New Guinea singing dogs are identifiable by their namesake vocalizations, which are unlike any other canid population.” Because of the way that they were domesticated , these dogs can make harmonic and tonal sounds, that are quite musical. Without genetic diversity, these remnant dogs risk becoming infertile. [14] Since there have been no verified sightings of these dogs in Papua New Guinea since the 1970s until an August 2012 photograph in the wild, these dogs are now apparently rare.[38][45]. [46], On 24 August 2012, the second known photograph of a New Guinea singing dog in the wild was taken by Tom Hewitt, Director of Adventure Alternative Borneo, in the Jayawijaya Mountains or Star Mountains of Papua Province, Indonesia, Western New Guinea by a trek party returning from Puncak Mandala, at approximately 4,760 m high the highest peak in the Jayawijaya range and second highest freestanding mountain of Oceania, Australasia, New Guinea and Indonesia (though Hewitt himself seems to erroneously say this peak is in the Star Mountains, which are adjacent to the Jayawijaya range, and also casually calls the region 'West Papua' rather than Indonesia's Papua Province in the Western geopolitical 'half' of the New Guinea landmasses, while his identification of the peak is quite clear, including its estimated elevation which is distinctive among New Guinea's peaks). The New Guinea singing dog is still with us. [2] In 2012 Australian wilderness-adventure guide Tom Hewett took a photo of a tawny, thick-coated dog in the Puncak Mandala region of West Papua, Indonesia. (They have) remained frozen in time.” Source: YouTube/Silver Cross Fox The dog’s call sounds like a cross between a wolf’s howl and a whale song. Abstract: New Guinea singing dogs (NGSD) are identifiable by their namesake vocalizations, which are unlike any other canid population. The singing dog’s howl sounds like a yodel, with the tones going up and down. [1] The dogs were sent to Sir Edward Hallstrom who had set up a native animal study center in Nondugi, and from there to the Taronga Zoo in Sydney, Australia. In 1989 the Australian mammalogist Tim Flannery took a photo of a black-and-tan dog in Telefomin District. Known for their distinctive vocalizations – an eerie, tonal sound that’s been described as “a wolf howl with overtones of whale song” – the ultra-rare New Guinea singing dog has been presumed extinct in the wild for the past half century. Most of these dogs live long lives, with some zoo-based males living an impressive 19-20 years. Gestation averages 63 days. Modulations can change quickly every 300–500 milliseconds or every second. New Guinea singing dogs are best known for their unique howl. According to news published on September 3rd, 2020, the New Guinea singing dog didn’t become extinct. Most of these dogs in New Guinea are domesticated with large numbers being kept by widows and bachelors, with hunters keeping at least two for assisting them with hunting. [22], Whole genome sequencing indicates the domestic dog to be a genetically divergent subspecies of the gray wolf;[23] the dog is not a descendant of the extant gray wolf, but these are sister taxa which share a common ancestor from a ghost population of wolves that went extinct at the end of the Late Pleistocene,[24] and the dog and the dingo are not separate species. he New Guinea singing dog (NGSD) is a rare canid living in the New Guinea highlands that, in the wild, is the largest land predator on the island of New Guinea. There were reports of New Guinea singing dogs in the Star Mountains until 1976, and in the mid-1970s reports of capture and training, but not breeding by the Kalam people (see 'Relationship with humans' section below). [42][14] New Guinea singing dogs in captivity do not require a specialized diet, but they seem to thrive on lean raw meat diets based on poultry, beef, elk, deer, or bison. Their eyes exhibit a bright green glow when lights are shone on them in low light conditions. But scientists reported Monday that the dogs … The researchers stated that this behavior was noted in their subjects only and does not necessarily apply to all singing dogs. That assumption has been proven wrong after an analysis of the DNA of three wild dogs living 14,000 feet high on the island matched the DNA of captive New Guinea singing dogs. So rare, in fact, … Samara the New Guinea singing dog (Photo by Dr. Brian Davis) . ], New Guinea singing dogs sometimes howl together, which is commonly referred to as chorus howling. For adult dogs, the colors brown, black, and tan have been reported, all with white points. [14] The New Guinea Department of Environment and Conservation has announced protection measures.[38]. The New Guinea singing dog or New Guinea Highland dog is a type of dog native to the New Guinea Highlands of the island of New Guinea. The genetic evidence is that dingoes arrived in Australia 8,300 YBP and brought by an unknown human population. This comparison is sustained in the narrow body and very short bushy tail which measures little more than one third of the combined head-and-body length, with the width of the brush a fraction under 4 in (10 cm). and bi-zygomatic width 100 mm (3.9 in); rear molar to incisor 90 mm (3.5 in); width across incisors 23 mm (0.91 in); height of upper canine 16 mm (0.63 in). Photo credit: James McIntyre But in 2012, an ecotourist guide snapped a picture of what appeared to be a…This article was originally published on Mongabay. The crossbred dogs were generally larger in size, as well as less of a challenge to train, so they tended to be of more value than New Guinea singing dogs. The Eipo tribe kept and bred wild dogs as playmates for their children. [8] In the third edition of Mammal Species of the World published in 2005, the mammalogist W. Christopher Wozencraft listed under the wolf Canis lupus its wild subspecies, and proposed two additional subspecies: "familiaris Linnaeus, 1758 [domestic dog]" and "dingo Meyer, 1793 [domestic dog]". Native to the New Guinea Highlands, it's closely related to the dingo. he New Guinea singing dog (NGSD) is a rare canid living in the New Guinea highlands that, in the wild, is the largest land predator on the island of New Guinea. The New Guinea singing dog, once thought extinct, is alive in the wild. Hewitt and Wendt observe that West Papuan locals report that sightings are rare, and that New Guinea singing dogs have not been domesticated by current human inhabitants of their area. The dogs observed did not show the typical canid play bow; however, Imke Voth found this behavior during examinations in the 1980s. They are the New Guinea Singing Dog Conservation Society, founded in 1997,[49] New Guinea Singing Dog International, a preservation, captive breed, adoption and pet education group,[50] and Wizard of Paws Wildlife Education Inc.[51] All of these organizations are based in the United States. It needs to be made clear, however, that "wild-living" does not necessarily mean that canines observed by natives are New Guinea singing dogs. Unlike most other dog breeds, the New Guinea Singing Dog female only comes into season once per year. [17] In 1957, Ellis Troughton examined the two singing dog specimens from the Taronga Zoo and classified them as a distinct species Canis hallstromi in honour of Hallstrom.[18]. Outer shoulders and hips clear ochraceous-tawny; tail about tawny-olive brindled above with blackish-brown, tip white; four paws whitish. [7], In 2016, a literature review found that "there is no definitive evidence that...the founding members of captive populations of New Guinea Singing Dogs were wild-living animals or the progeny of wild-living animals rather than being born and raised as members of village populations of domestic dogs."[4]. [41] Reports of 25 female singing dogs in captivity showed that when they did not conceive during their first annual estrus, about 65% have a second estrus cycle, sometimes even a third,[42] 8–16 weeks later. Some of these dogs probably stayed with the Kalam and reproduced. An analysis of the DNA of three wild dogs living above 4,300 meters (14,000 feet) on the island of New Guinea matches that of captive New Guinea singing dogs. The current median price for all New Guinea Singing Dogs sold is $0.00. They can also rotate their front and hind paws more than domestic dogs, which enables them to climb trees with thick bark or branches that can be reached from the ground; however, their climbing skills do not reach the same level as those of the gray fox,[32] and are closely related to those of a cat.[33]. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the inhabitants of the highlands started to keep chickens, and New Guinea singing dogs had a penchant for poultry. There have been reports from local residents that wild dogs have been seen or heard in higher reaches of the mountains. He wrote that these dogs live with native people in the mountains, and that feral populations lived in the alpine and sub-alpine grasslands of the Star Mountains and the Wharton Range. Interviewed in the new guinea singing dog vocalizations about tawny-olive brindled above with blackish-brown, tip white ; four paws.... 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Vis wrote a description of it in 1911 for below dog, thought... Serious threats facing the New Guinea singing dog is still with us into season per... Of Papua New Guinea singing dogs to see more clearly in low light conditions wallabies, dwarf cassowaries, is., ” said study co-author James McIntyre, the New Guinea singing dog puppies for sell! Captivity, but normally shows abrupt changes in frequency Highlands was east of the group nearly. About tawny-olive brindled above with blackish-brown, tip white ; four paws whitish news published on September,! Captive animals, which are severely inbred has expanded from just eight original dogs, which has in. To study new guinea singing dog vocalizations James McIntyre, the New Guinea singing dog sounds like yodel. From the University of Papua New Guinea singing dog the photo was published in his book of... 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